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The SCI Bladder Management research specifics

The Study Flow

You can get a visual of how the study works from this flow of participants. Click to view or Download PDF.

...And Timeline


  • What is PCORI?

    PCORI stands for the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute - It was funded by congress in 2010 and meant to support research that has a patient centered approach. In the past, medical research has concentrated on physician or disease defined outcomes, such as whether a cancer was cured, or did the patients require less pain medication. The outcomes in patient centered research are things like, the patient’s report of their quality of life after a cancer surgery, satisfaction with their care, and health perceptions on different medication regimens. More and more in medical research it is these outcomes that are becoming important, especially as we are able to effectively treat advanced conditions that are not necessarily cured by medical science.

  • What does the PCORI grant involve through NBRG?

    At Universities of Utah, Michigan, and Minnesota there are a lot of people with spinal cord injury. The urologists at these universities decided to submit a grant to PCORI in 2014 entitled “Patient Reported Outcomes for Bladder Management Strategies in Spinal Cord Injury.” This grant was a good match for PCORI as quality of life is understudied in people with spinal cord injury and almost all of our studies involve physician defined outcomes not patient defined outcomes. Our grant began in August of 2015, and we plan to start enrolling participants in January 2016.

  • What does PCORI grants and patient engagement mean?

    A very unique part of PCORI grants is that patients or participants also help in the research. These individuals are called “stakeholders” and help with many aspects of research. Engagement is the concept of getting help in guiding research by those that are most involved in the problem. For instance, in our grant, we have several people that have spinal cord injury helping design the questions that we will be asking about quality of life and what types of things affect bladder management decisions. We also have a spectrum of professional researchers and clinicians working with us. They are urologists, nurses, physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians, and epidemiologists that designed the questionnaires we plan on using for the study. By assembling a diverse research group, the research produced does not have significant holes and has the greatest chance of helping people living with spinal cord injury make decisions about or understand their bladder care. Part of the engagement process, in PCORI grants, is a meeting with patients to discuss a research plan, as well as a separate meeting of the research team. These meetings are called the patient advisory group and the study kick-off meeting.

  • What are the questions that the research is meant to answer?

    We are hoping to gain insight into what factors affect a person’s quality of life when they use different methods of managing their bladder after a spinal cord injury or problem. There are several different choices that people with spinal cord problems have in bladder management. These choices span everything from reconstructive surgery to reliance on a simple catheter that stays in the bladder all the time. Through the research we hope to be able to find out for which groups each method of bladder management works the best. For instance, the research might reveal that indwelling catheters work well for people that have poor hand function until they experience a certain number of urinary infections and then their quality of life begins to suffer, or intermittent catheterization is an excellent option for people with paraplegia until they leak a certain amount in between catheterizations and then quality of life begins to be affected. Ultimately this information is meant to help people with spinal cord injury make decisions with their physicians about the best choices for their bladder management.

  • Who can participate in the study?

    The study will run from January 2016 – January 2018. The criteria for entering the study is outlined below.


    • must have a spinal cord injury or problem that was acquired during their life and not something that occurred at birth
    • must participate in a 30 minute phone or in person interview with a study coordinator about their health, medications and spinal cord injury or problems.
    • Must answer a 30 minute questionnaire at the beginning of the study and every 3 months for a year

    Exclusion criteria:

    • multiple sclerosis
    • spina bifida or myelomeningocele
    • cerebral palsy
    • active cancer treatments, such as ongoing chemotherapy
  • How long does the study run and how does it work?

    The study enrollment period is from January 2016 – January 2017. Participants will be followed for a total of a year, or as long as they are willing to answer questionnaires. The last questionnaires will be sent to participants January 2018. View the timeline You can get a visual of how the study works from this flow of participants.